The World’s Secret Services Today
The Cold War has long gone. Now the “War on Terror” is upon us. What are the secret services–the CIA, the KGB, MI5, Mossad, Boss, Savak, Dina–doing these days? Global Intelligence explains how the war on terrorism has altered the context for the murky world of secret services and intelligence agencies. The CIA and other U.S. agencies, the FSB (successor to the KGB) in Russia, Western Europe’s secret services, Mossad in Israel, and the diverse security services in developing countries continue to operate, albeit with changing priorities and working methods. These shifting means of working, coupled with ultra-modern technologies, allow for more invasive spying in a global and domestic context.
The Tropical Commodities Disaster
Many countries in the South have been encouraged to grow coffee, sugar, cotton and other crops, but small farmers get only a tiny share of the final price of these commodities in the North. As prices collapse, the terms of trade between North and South have widened. This investigation, by one of the leading authorities on commodity trading, analyzes the current trading arrangements and their disastrous effect on foreign exchange earnings, tax revenues and economic growth in developing countries. Possible solutions are being proffered–from exploitation of niche markets to more radical notions like fair trade–but Peter Robbins shows how they all fail to measure up to the scale of the disaster facing the Third World. He argues that developing countries must bring supply and demand into a better balance that will secure far higher and more stable prices than today.
Rethinking Modernity, Post-Colonialism and Representation
Is development still women’s best hope of social progress and equality? In this groundbreaking collection with its diverse perspectives feminist thinkers explore whether Third World women ought to continue along the path of development or abandon full-scale modernization and seek post-development alternatives instead. It represents the first attempt to ascertain the possibilities, and limitations, of the post-development path for women.
What’s the Matter with Foreign Aid?
Billions are spent each year on foreign aid and tens of thousands are employed in the aid industry. The Purpose of aid is ostensibly selfless and benign. Yet it is also the focus of controversy. In Give and Take, David Sogge asks if there is a real net flow of financial resources to the South. He questions how much aid there should be, on what terms should it be given, and if the strings imposed imply a resurection of colonial controls. Can Northern governments, international financial institutions and developing countries ever agree and how do we envision an aid system for a new century as democratic, effective, adequate and just?
Understanding Intellectual Property Rights
Intellectual property rights, TRIPS, patents-they sound technical, even boring. Yet what kinds of ideas, technologies, identification of genes, even manipulations of life forms can be owned and exploited for profit by giant corporations is a vital issue for our times. Vandana Shiva shows how the Western-inspired and unprecedented widening of the concept of intellectual property does not stimulate human creativity and the generation of knowledge. Instead, it is being exploited by transnational corporations and used to increase their profits. This is done at the expense of the health of ordinary people especially the poor, and the age-old knowledge of the world’s farmers. Intellectual protection is being transformed into corporate plunder. Little wonder popular resistance is rising around the world to the World Trade Organisation, the group that polices this new intellectual world order, and the pharmaceutical, biotech and other dominate corporations. This resistance is also being directed towards the new technologies foisted upon us.
The Non-Viable Economies of the 21st Century
Be intellectually honest and politically realistic about what is happening to the majority of people in Third World countries. With a very few exceptions, development has not come. Nor is it going to. The necessary investment will not be available. Modern technology cannot provide the jobs. And the environment cannot take the strain. Most countries are not in the process of becoming Newly Industrialized Countries, but Non-viable National Economies.What then is to be done? The wealth of nations agenda must be replaced by a survival of nations agenda. To prevent increasing disorders, many countries will have to abandon dreams of development and adopt instead a policy of national survival based on the search for water, food and energy security and the stabilization of their populations.
Social Development in the Era of Globalism
“Wilson and Whitmore, two activists with a history of “walking the talk” of working for social justice, offer a well researched, provocative wake up call for everyone concerned with the survival of democracy in the next millennium. Seeds of Fire inspires allies of popular movements for the work of the next century.” –Patricia Maguire, Faculty of Education, Western New Mexico University.
Explorations in Environment and Development
Sachs is one of the most thoughtful and appealing intellectuals to deal with the dual crisis in the Western world’s relations with nature and social justice. In this book readers-be they concerned citizens, environmentalists, development specialists or cultural historians-will find trenchant and elegant explorations of some of the foremost issues the world faces at the beginning of the new century: Efficiency, the mantra of our times; Globalization, a market inevitability and the juggernaut of history; Sustainability, oxymoron as rhetoric; Development, the 20th century’s great undelivered promise; and Limits, a new principle for the coming century.
A Guide to Competing Theories of Development
This major new textbook has been specifically written for students of development studies. It provides a comprehensive and multi-disciplinary picture of development research over the past generation, and is organized around four major themes: economic development and underdevelopment, politics and the state, socio-economic development and the state and civil society and the development process. It is the only textbook in this field to present the full range of theoretical approaches and current debates.
Most scholars and practitioners are now agreed that the world is on the threshold of a completely new era in the history of development. This reader brings together in a powerfully diverse, but ultimately coherent, statement some of the very best thinking on the subject by scholars and activists around the world. The contributors provide a devastating critique of what the mainstream paradigm has in practice done to the peoples of the world, and to their richly diverse and sustainable ways of living. They also present some essential ideas to construct new, humane, and culturally and ecologically respectful modes of development.