We Were Not the Savages (3rd Edition) First Nations History

Collision between European and Native American Civilizations

By Daniel N. Paul  

Paperback $29.00

As a person of First Nation ancestry I cannot help but wonder if the failure of Caucasian Americans and Canadians to reveal and teach about the horrors their ancestors carried out against North American First Nation Peoples is a deliberate cover-up, or an indication they hold within their minds a notion the life of a First Nation person is valueless–not worthy of human considerations. The latter is probably the more plausible, because it is an unchallengeable fact that the crimes against humanity committed against our peoples over the centuries by people of European descent are not viewed with the same abhorrence by Caucasians that such crimes against other races of people are viewed. If such were the case there would be unconditional condemnation of it, and the knowledge would be readily available and taught in schools. -FROM THE INTRODUCTION

This updated edition incorporates Daniel Paul’s ongoing research. It clearly and profoundly shows that the horrors of history still rain upon the First Nations people of the present.

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  • Civilization, Democracy and Government
  • Mi’Kmaq Social Values and Economy
  • European Greed and the Mi’Kmaq Resolve to Fight
  • Persecution, War, Alliance and Terrorism
  • The Treaty of 1725 and Proclamations
  • Flawed Peace and the Treaty of 1749
  • More Bounties for Human Scalps and the Treaty of 1752
  • The Futile Search for a Just Peace, 1752-1761
  • Burying of the Hatchet Ceremony of 1761 and the Royal Proclamation of 1763
  • Dispossession and the Imposition of Poverty
  • The Edge of Extinction
  • Confederation and the Indian Act
  • Twentieth-Century Racism and Centralization
  • The Struggle for Freedom
  • Afterword


  • Daniel N. Paul

    Daniel N. Paul was born in 1938 on the Indian Brook Reserve, Hants County, Nova Scotia. He resides in Halifax with his wife Patricia. They have two daughters, Lenore and Cerena.

    Paul is an ardent spokesperson and activist for human rights. He is freelance lecturer and journalist, has a small advisory business, is a Justice of the Peace for the province of Nova Scotia, a commissioner with Nova Scotia Police Commission and is involved in a multitude of other activities. He has served on several other provincial commissions, including the Human Rights Commission and the Nova Scotia Department of Justice’s Court Re-structuring Task Force. He holds, among many awards, an honourary degree in Letters, University of Sainte Anne, Church Point, Nova Scotia, is a member of the Order of Canada and is a member of the Order of Nova Scotia.

    From 1971 until 1986 Paul was employed by the Department Of Indian Affairs—the last fi ve years as District Superintendent of Reserves and Trusts for the Nova Scotia District. In 1986 he accepted employment as the founding executive director of what became known as the Confederacy of Mainland Mi’kmaq (CMM). After building the Tribal Council into what became one of the best operated in the country he retired from the position in 1994.

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