Society, State and Market

A Guide to Competing Theories of Development

Edited by John Martinussen  

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This major new textbook has been specifically written for students of development studies. It provides a comprehensive and multi-disciplinary picture of development research over the past generation, and is organized around four major themes: economic development and underdevelopment, politics and the state, socio-economic development and the state and civil society and the development process. It is the only textbook in this field to present the full range of theoretical approaches and current debates.

“…valuable treatment of the social, political and international dimensions of development thought, as well as the economic aspects.”

— Professor John, Director, Institute of Development Studies, Sussex

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  • List of Tables and Figures
  • Preface
  • PART I
  • Introduction
  • Development Studies as a Subject Area
  • The Theoretical Heritage and Controversial Issues in Development Research
  • Conceptions and Dimensions of Development
  • PART II: Economic Development and Underdevelopment
  • Major Theoretical Currents in Development Economics
  • Theories of Growth and Modernisation
  • Structuralist Theories and Industrial Development
  • Neo-Marxist Theories of Underdevelopment and Dependency
  • Modes of Production and Social Classes
  • The International Division of Labour and Transnational Corporations
  • Focus on Agricultural Development
  • Development with Limited Natural Resources
  • PART III: Third World Politics and the State
  • Political Development and State Building
  • The Political Heritage and Forms of Regime
  • Social Forces and Forms of Regime
  • Decentralisation and Local-level Politics
  • PART IV: The State and Socio-economic Development
  • The Political Economy of Development
  • State or Market?
  • Development and Security
  • PART V: Civil Society and the Development Process
  • Dimensions of Alternative Development
  • Poverty and Social Development
  • The Political Economy of Civil Society
  • Ethnic Identities, Nationality and Conflict
  • People-managed Development
  • PART VI: Theory Construction in Development Research
  • A Critical Assessment of Development Theories
  • Bibliography
  • Name Index
  • Subject Index


  • John Martinussen

    Roskilde University

    Professor John Degnbol Martinussen has had a distinguished career in Development Studies. He is currently Study Director for International Development Studies at Roskilde University in Denmark. He is also a former Chairman of the Danish Social Science Research Council and a former President of the Danish Association for International Cooperation (Mellemfolkeligt Samvirke). He is currently Chairman of the Council for International Development Cooperation in Denmark. Over the years he has acted as a consultant to various international organisations including UNDP. South and South East Asia have been his primary geographical regions of specialisation and his research interests revolve around, inter alia, a reappraisal of the role of the state in development, as well as appropriate methodological approaches and the growth of theory in Development Studies. His recent books in English include: Pluralism, Competition and Choice: Emerging Local Self-Government in Nepal, New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1995/ The Theoretical Heritage from Marx and Weber in Development Studies (edited), Roskilde: International Development Studies, 1994. New Institutional Economics and their Applicability in a Third World Context, Roskilde: International Development Studies, 1993. Transnational Corporations in a Developing Country: The Indian Experience, New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1988.

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