Property Wrongs

The Seventy-Year Fight for Public Housing in Winnipeg

by Doug Smith  

Business interests have fought hard against public housing by doing their utmost to limit city democracy.

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  • April 2023
  • ISBN: 9781773635972
  • 256 pages
  • $28.00
  • For sale worldwide
  • PDF April 2023
  • ISBN: 9781773636245
  • $27.99
  • For sale worldwide
  • EPUB April 2023
  • ISBN: 9781773636238
  • $27.99
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About the book

Until 1969, the City of Winnipeg had undertaken only two public housing projects even though the failure of the market to provide adequate housing for low-income Winnipeggers had been apparent since the beginning of the century. By 1919, providing housing was a significant issue in municipal politics that was embraced by civic officials, professionals, reformers, labour leaders and social democratic politicians. It also became a proxy issue for refighting the 1919 General Strike at city hall. However, Winnipeg’s business community proved effective opponents of public housing.

The struggle for public housing was also a struggle for democracy. Up until the 1960s, public housing required approval by a referendum in which only the city’s property owners could vote. This rule deprived close to half the city’s voters — and virtually everyone who might qualify to live in public housing — of the right to vote. Over decades that barrier to democracy was whittled away. An NDP provincial government elected in 1969 added 11,144 units of public housing to the existing 568 units.

Today public housing is once more under attack. Rather being treated as valued public assets, they are considered embarrassing encumberments that should be sold as part of a process of turning public housing over to the private sector. The struggle to protect and expand the provision of non-profit housing is undermined by the rupture in political memory of the long struggle to build public housing and the current political situation.

Activism & Social Movements Canadian Studies Class Inequality Public Policy



Doug Smith

Doug Smith is a Winnipeg writer and author of numerous books on political and social issues and Manitoba labour and political history: including Stickin’ to the Union: Local 2224 versus John Buhler, As Many Liars: The Story of the 1995 Manitoba Vote-Splitting Scandal, and Joe Zuken: Citizen and Socialist, Consulted To Death: How Canada’s Workplace Health and Safety System Fails Workers and As Many Liars: The Story of the 1995 Manitoba Vote-Rigging Scandal.

He has written for several magazines and newspapers including This Magazine, Maclean’s and the Winnipeg Sun. He has also worked as producer at CBC radio for documentaries and the CBC Radio program Ideas and worked as an editorial consultant on a number of public inquiries including the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.


  • Democracy, Class and Housing: An Introduction
  • Chapter 1. Setting the Stage: 1870 to 1900
  • Chapter 2. The First Calls for Public Housing: 1900 to 1915
  • Chapter 3. The 1919 General Strike and Its Aftermath: The 1920s
  • Chapter 4. “No Action Taken”: The 1930s
  • Chapter 5. Wartime Housing and Emergency Housing: 1940–1953
  • Chapter 6. The Road to the 1953 Referendum: 1946–1953
  • Chapter 7. False Starts, Re-alignments, and “Urban Renewal”: 1953–1960
  • Chapter 8. A False Dawn: 1960–1969
  • Epilogue


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